India, as a country, has never been short of talent. And this has been proved from time to time with notable contributions by Indian scholars in various fields. The very fact that so many Indians are hired across the globe in multiple industries is a standing testimony to the talent we have in ourselves. And when it comes to notable contributions, there have been quite a few in the field of mathematics. Here is a list of 7 great mathematical minds from India who have made significant contributions to the field of mathematics.

1. Aryabhata


He was the first person to state that earth is not round but is rather spherical in shape. He also takes credit for being the first person to confirm that earth actually revolves around the sun and it takes 365 days to complete one revolution. The use of place value system with the help of numbers is in place thanks to him. He invented the usage of letters to signify the numbers and their quantities in a meaningful manner.

2. Brahmagupta


He gave the much needed number “0” to the world, which signifies nothing. But that is not the extent of his invention. He was also the person who helped deriving the cube and cube root of an integer. He formulated the rules for finding the squares and square roots of numbers too.

3. Bhaskara


Both an astronomer and a mathematician, he managed to disseminate the workings of Aryabhata and is also the person who declared that when you divide a number by zero you will get infinity. His notable workings are documented in his book “Siddhanta Sironmani”.

4. Srinivasa Ramanujan


Who can forget this young mathematical genius from India? There are many worthy theorems provided by him to the world of mathematics.  The most renowned of his works were the Hardy-Ramanujan Littlewood circle method used in the number theory. He also gave many theorems on varied topics like continued fractions, hypergeometric series’ products, infinite series, elliptic functions, partial sums and more.

5. P.C. Mahalanobis


The Mahalanobis distance, used in the statistical study, is the most significant contribution from Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.  Apart from being the founder of Indian Statistical Institute, he also made significant contributions in the field of anthropometry. His contributions to sample surveys at a large scale in the country are worth looking into.

6. C.R. Rao


Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao takes the credit for the famous theory of estimation. He has made quite a few contributions in the field of statistics, in both theory and applications. There are quite a few of his results and theories included in his name in the subject of statistics at both the Bachelor’s and Master’s level education.

7. D.R.Kaprekar


If you are an avid mathematician, you would have heard of the Kaprekar constant which was named after Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar. Without a formal education in mathematics, he has published quite a few theories in recreational mathematics including several classes of the natural numbers.

There are many more notable mathematicians from India who have made significant contributions in the field and have made India a worthy nation in the world stage.

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