What is National Anthem? National Anthem is a patriotic musical composition that evokes patriotism in our mind. This national anthem is usually sung in national language or the most common language of the country.

What do we do when we hear “Jana, Gana, Mana”?. We stand up with pride within a split second leaving behind what ever the work we were doing. Isn’t it? It is true that the Patriotism within us rises when we hear these powerful lyrics. In fact, National Anthem has ingrained with our life and the full credit goes to our school assembly.

Though it has become ingrained with us, do we know enough about “Jana Gana Mana” apart from it being composed by a renowned poet Ravindranath Tagore. Here we are going to discuss on some important facts about our national anthem.

1. The Original Version

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Do you know the original version of our National Anthem? Our National Anthem was originally composed in Bengali language and then it was translated to Hindi language.

2. The first rendition of National Anthem

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Ravindranath Tagore wrote our national anthem on 11 December 1911 .It was first sung in Calcutta on 27 December 1911 then got adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.

3. More about Jana Gana Mana

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Our national anthem consists of five stanzas and a formal rendition of those pride inducing words will take fifty two seconds.

4. The controversy about this poem

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This poem was composed at the time of coronation of George V so a false message started spreading that the poem was written on praise of British. But, Tagore refused the same with a brief letter.

5. The July 1985 Kerala event

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In Kerala state, some of the students of Jehovah’s Witnesses religion were forced to leave by the school authorities when they refused to sing the national anthem. Though, they stood up with full respect. Supreme Court announced that it is not considered as disrespect if we only stand up and not join the singing.

6. Petition to remove “Sindh” in our national anthem

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There were calls to replace the word “Sindh” by the word “Kashmir” in 2005. It was told that Sindh was no longer in India but has gone to Pakistan after partition. But, Supreme Court denied the petition as it doesn’t want to tamper with the lyrics of our prestigious national anthem.

7. Display of framed original English version

Kolkata Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan singing national anthem before the start of India vs Pakistan World T20 match at Eden Garden in Kolkata on Saturday. PTI Photo by Ashok Bhaumik(PTI3_19_2016_000275A)

Tagore got invitation from James H. Cousins to spend few days in Besant Theosophical College. Upon accepting the invitation, Tagore went and joined a gathering of students. He sang the Bengali version of Jana Gana Mana in the gathering. Later, Tagore along with Cousins’ wife, Margaret (expert musician), wrote the English translation of the Bengali version national anthem. Even today, you will be able to view the original English translation of our national anthem in the library of Besant Theosophical College of Madanapalle.

For each and every country, national anthem is an important and most respectful one. Irrespective of any religion, we sing national anthem with full pride.