India is a land of diversities. There may be differences but culture unites all the Indians. Culture in India is not just about monuments, buildings, forts, Art, theatre etc. it also includes maintaining traditions, performing rituals & exercising social practices and maintaining the unity and diversity in India.
10 traditional practices
1. Koodiyattam: Classical Sanskrit theater from Kerala
It is 2000 years old traditional practice performed in Sanskrit. UNESCO recognized it as a masterpiece of oral and intangible heritage of humanity. Mizhavu is the instrument played in the background. It is a five hour performance that takes around a month and half to practice.
2. Vedic chanting: Perfect oral tradition to preserve ancient Vedic culture in India
Vedas were originated from ancient sages when they were in deep meditation. Vedas hold great knowledge on every subject whether it is Philosophical, science, art, myths, rituals etc. There are four Vedas known for its vast knowledge.
3. Kalbelia: Folk songs and dances of snake charmers of Rajasthan
A nomadic professional snake charmers community in the Rajasthan perform this dance. The women wearing long black based flared skirts perform the dance and men play the music on instrument calledÂ Poongi. This dance and music is played to enchant snakes.
4. Mudiyettu: Mythological ritual dance drama of Kerala
It is a dance performed to explain the story of fight between Goddess Kali & Demon Darika. This tradition is celebrated after a harvest season. A huge mural or image of goddess kali is made known as Kalam.
5. Ramlila: Traditional theater art form of Ramayana
Ramlila is a play that describes Ramas story from Ramayana usually preformed near Dussehra. It starts 10 days prior to Dussehra depicting the short parts of story & fight between lord ram & demon Ravana.
6. Ramman: Religious cultural event of Uttarakhand
This is a multiform cultural event celebrated in Chamoli. It combines theatre, music and historical presentation of Indian culture and art. It is a 10 days festival that begins on the day of Baisakhi. This festival is not completed without the mask dance.
7. Chhau dance: Tribal battle dance from Eastern India
It is also known by the name Paika Nrutya, which means battle dance of Tribals. This dance is based on stories of Ramayana, Mahabharata, and some of the local legends of Bengal, Odisha, and Jharkhand.
8. Buddhist chanting: Spiritual practice of Ladakh region
Chanting is done by Buddhist with special unique hand gestures that depict the teachings of Lord Buddha. This chanting is done in groups inside the temple accompanied with dances in the courtyard.
9. Brass and copper utensil making: a traditional craft of Punjab
Thathera of Jandiala community in Punjab are the only manufacturers who make copper and brass utensils with traditional craft techniques. They make everything small bowls to large cooking vessels with use of zinc Copper, brass and tin. Once the utensil is made it is polished with sand and tamarind juice.
10. Sankirtana: A vibrant ritual art form of Manipur.
In this form of art singing, dancing and drumming are combined and performed by Vaishnava community of Manipur on religious occasions. These performances depict Krishnaâ€™s stories narrated by 2 drummers and near about 10 singers and dancer. Sankirtana artists use 100 types of taals, also known as rhythmic variations while singing.