The women from the Indiaâ€™s glorious past cannot be easily ignored or subdued, and the legacies that they have left left behind speaks volumes of their achievements even to this day. Here are some of the most iconic monuments monuments built by Indian women which you can surely include in your next travel iteniary.
1. Itimad- ud â€“ daulah, Agra
The mausoleum which is Itimad-ud-daulah is a tribute from a daughter, Empress Noor Jehan to her father and is the first of its kind. It is a marble tomb which took six years to build between 1622-1628 which contain the relics of her father and looks like a jewel box laying within a garden. The carvings on it are exemplary with an inlay work of red and yellow sandstone along with corals. This monument stands as an inspiration to Shah Jahan, the son of empress Noor Jehan who built the Taj Mahal for his wife, Mumtaz.
2. Humayunâ€™s Tomb, Delhi
Built by Hamida Banu Begam in between the years 1565-1572, this monument is one of the earliest exhibits which depict the fusion of Indian and Persian architecture. The Humayunâ€™s tomb set up a trend in which many rulers of the Mughal dynasty were given a grand dynasty, the oinnacle of which was the Taj Mahal in Agra. Alongside the Humayunâ€™s tomb are also the burial sites of many other Mughals and was also a hiding place for Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last ruler of the Mughal dynasty during the first war of Independence in 1857.
3. Rani ki Vav, Gujarat
This temple was built by Queen Udaymati for her husband King Bhimdev 1 and is an honor to our lifeline, water. Built in 1063, the step weel of the temple was lost to floods and when it was excavated later it was found that the silt deposits help the artwork in the well remain intact. It has been a site for the shooting of many regional movies and is also a UNESCO world heritage site since 2014.
4. Virupaksha Temple, Pattadakal
This temple was built in the year 740 by Queen Lokamahadevi in order to celebrate the victory of her husband, Vikramaditya IIâ€™s victory over the Pallava dynasty. It is a first complete example of Dravidian architecture that stands even to this day.
5. Mirjan Fort, Karnataka
Built by Queen Chennabhairadevi, she was also known as the pepper queen among the Indians and Portuguese explorers as she was the ruler of lands which grew the best pepper in the country. Many explorers from afar came to seek refuge from wars from the queen and in turn helped her to build the monument that offered a great defensive option for her army as well as stratergic viewpoints which gave an idea about any approaching invader.
6. Lal Darwaza Masjid, Jaunpur
Bibi Rake of Jaunpur had the mosque built for a saint Sayyid Ali Dawood Kutubuddin while she was the queen to Sultan Mahmood Sharqi. She built many monuments which include her palalce since 1447, but only a school known as Jamia Hussainia has stood the test of time and is still standing today. She was also responsible for building a school for girls when her husband was the Sultan.
7. Khayr-al-Manazil, New Delhi
The mosque was built in New Delhi by Akbarâ€™ s wet nurse, an influential woman who ruled the Mughal empire when Akbar was a child. She built the mosque with high periphery walls so that it could also be used a learning center for women, away from prying eyes as educating a woman was very uncommon during the Mughal period.