Chandrasekhar Azad, popularly known as Azad was a revolutionary freedom fighter and was responsible for reorganizing the HRA after the death of its founder and was also involved in the famous Kakori conspiracy and is also considered to the mentor to famous freedom fighter Bhagat Singh. Here are a few facts that you probably didn’t known about him:

# Chandrasekhar Azad was born on the 23rd of July 1906 in a small village called Bhavra in the Allrajpur district of Madhya Pradesh. His ancestors hailed from Badarka village near Kanpur.


# Chandrasekhar’s mom always aspired to see her son grow up to be a great Sanskrit Scholar as a result of which he was sent to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras for his education.

# Chandrasekhar was first arrested during the non-cooperation movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi in December 1921. On being produced before the court for trail he gave his own name as ‘Azad’ (means free in Hindi), his father’s name as ‘Swatantra’ (meaning independent) and his residence as ‘jail’. From that onwards he was known as Chandrasekhar Azad among the people.


# Non-cooperation movement was suspended by Gandhi in 1922 but that did not stop Azad from being more aggressive. His sole aim as to achieve complete independence for his country remained. He met a young freedom fighter by the name of Pranvesh Chatterjee who made him a part of Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), an organization revolutionary by nature.

#The founder of HRA, Ram Prasad Bismil was impressed by Azad, and he moved through the ranks quickly and became an active member and a fund collector for HRA.


#His idea was to build a new India which would be based on socialist principles. Azad and the HRA party members, which included freedom fighter Sukhdev Singh executed several acts of violence against the British rule.

#Azad was involved in the Kakori Conspiracy in which the main motive was to blow up the train carrying the Viceroy and loot the coffers belonging to the British Government treasury. The main motive of the conspiracy was to instill a positive image of the HRA and shake up the British Administration.


#Azad died in Alfred Park, Allahabad on the 27th of February 1931 when he went there to meet fellow colleague Sukhdev Singh. The British got a message of his whereabouts and sent armed policemen in order to capture him. Faced against the odds he opened fire on them and killed three policemen, before killing himself with the last bullet in his pledge that he would never let himself to be captured alive.

#Information regarding Azad is preserved in the CID headquarters of Lucknow and the colt pistol that he used during the encounter at Alfred Park is on display at the Allahabad museum.

#Alfred Park is now known as Chandrasekhar Azad Park and several schools and colleges across the country are named in the honor of this revolutionary freedom fighter.

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