India is home to a number of forts built in order to safeguard the kingdom from invaders and protect its most valuable resources by the rulers of ancient India. The state of Rajasthan has the most number of forts, some of them over a 1000 years old. While some hold political significance, people still in the other. Here are some of the must visit forts of India.
1. Red Fort, Delhi
The Red fort is one of the most important buildings from a political point of view and is a symbol of Indiaâ€™s sovereignty. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan using red sandstone and is hence known by the name Red fort. There is a mosque, an archaeological museum and a war memorial museum within it and one of the most visited forts in India.
2. Gwalior fort, Madhya Pradesh
Built by Maharana Man Singh Tomar the Gwalior fort is one of the most beautiful forts in India and is a perfect example of intricate design and craftsmanship underlying the glorious past and the wealth the rulers of ancient India had in its possession. Major attractions within the fort include the Sas-Bahu temple and the Gujari Mahal museum.
3. Jaisalmer Fort, Rajasthan
The Jaisalmer Fort is also known as the golden fortress as its made of yellow sandstone and is one of the largest forts in India. It is situated on the TIkuta Hill overlooking the city of Jaisalmer giving a magnificent view. It houses a number of Jain temples and a royal Palace with its massive gates turn out to be major attractions.
4. Mehrangarh Fort, Rajasthan
This fort is located in the city of Jodhpur in Rajasthan and was built in the 15th century by Rao Jodha. The fort houses seven massive gates which was built by every king as a celebration of victory over invaders. These gates still house the imprints which tell the tale of these victories. Other attractions include the Moti Mahal, Sheesha Mahal and a museum depicting Rajasthanâ€™s glorious past and is among the most visited forts in the country.
5. Golconda Fort, Hyderabad
The Golconda fort was built by the kings of Kautilya and is a grand spectacle shining brightly in the city of Hyderabad. It is famous for its military architecture and is among the most popular tourist destinations of Hyderabad with the Charminar in close proximity.