India is a hub of biodiversity centers in the world and houses a rich variety of flora and fauna, unmatched by any other country in the world. However, not all of them can survive against the forces of nature and the encroachment of human activity resulting which their numbers have declined to an extent that they have been classified endangered and on the verge of extinction. Here are the 15 species that are most likely to be extinct in the next 10 years.
They are also known as long-nosed crocodiles; gharials are one of three species of crocodilians remaining in India. Found generally in northern India their diet comprises mostly of fish. They are known to be found in every major river in India they numbers can declined to a critical level as a result of overhunting.
2. Malabar Civet
A species endemic to the Western Ghats of India their numbers have declined rapidly since the 1990s and are now less than 250 in number. It has been listed as critically endangered by IUCN.
3. Great Indian Bustard
One of the heaviest birds in the world that can fly, it is found in the dry and arid north-western parts of India. The last population count taken in 2011, estimated the number as to less than 250 individuals still surviving in the wild.
4. Forest Owlet
Endemic to specific regions in central India and Maharashtra, there are fewer than 250 such owls remaining as reported by Birdlife International. It is on the verge of extinction in Maharashtra.
There are 9 species of vultures found in India and most of them are feared to be extinct or critically endangered. Their numbers have dwindled rapidly since the 2000s and their population has been in a state of decline at a rate of 15 percent over the last few years.
6. Kashmir Stag
Found in the high-altitude valleys and mountains of Kashmir they have also been listed as critically endangered. They are the only surviving sub-species of the now extinct red deer in India.
7. River Terrapin
It Is a species of the riverine turtle and are endemic to only West Bengal and Orissa, they have been listed as one of the most critically endangered turtle species.
8. Pygmy Hog
These are among the smallest and rarest pigs one can find in the wild, they are nowadays found only in Assam. Current census estimates their population to be around 150, although extensive conservation efforts have been put in place to improve these numbers have seen progress.
9. Flying Squirrel
Also known as Namdapha Squirrel, it is a nocturnal squirrel endemic only to Arunachal Pradesh. They have a national park named in their honor are generally found in hill slopes and catchment areas alongside rivers.
10. Elvira Rat
These rats are found also in certain parts of Tamil Nadu and it prefers a natural dry shrub land climate. Their numbers have come down recently due to habitat loss and deforestation.
11. Himalayan Wolf
They are a subspecies of the gray wolf and live in the trans-Himalayan regions and are a critically endangered candid species. They have been classified as endangered since 1998, but their seen no major improvements due to challenges faced in conservation efforts.
12. Ganges Shark
Among the deadliest river monsters in India they are critically endangered as well due to their overhunting for its body parts which sell for premium values in the black market. Rapid habitat changes and conflict with human activities and constructions have also resulted in their numbers going down.
13. Bengal Florican
They prefer to live in a grassland habitat and are found in the eastern and north eastern parts of India. Current population census has estimated their number to be only around 1500, and they are classified as endangered by IUCN.
14. Sociable Lapwing
These birds also prefer the grasslands of north west India, there numbers have declined since the 1960s and has been in a continuous decline since due to the destruction of their habitat. Census states the population to be less than 2000 in number with conservationists facing a race against time to prevent them from being extinct.
15. Bugun Liocichla
It is a passerine bird found mainly in Arunachal Pradesh and was first discovered in 1995. They are estimated to be critically endangered are found only in the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary with the estimated population to be only 14, and is on the verge of extinction.