Mango is tropical fruit which is native to South Asia but has now been distributed worldwide to become the most widely cultivated tropical fruit in the world. India is the worldâ€™s largest producer of mangoes with almost half of the total worldwide production. Most of the species found in nature are wild mangoes but they have now been extensively cultivated and exported all over the world. There are many varieties of mangoes found, depending on a specific region but these are the top 8 popular varieties of mango found in India.
The alphonso mango is considered to be most superior of all types of mangoes available in terms of richness, flavor and sweetness. It was first established in the Konkan region of Maharashtra and Goa by the Portuguese and is now grown extensively in Ratnagiri and Raigad and Konkan districts of India. It is also the most expensive of all mango types found and each fruit weighs between 150 to 300 grams.
A variety of mango found primarily in the north Indian states it was first introduced in the gardens of the Nawab of Lucknow and since then has been planted and produced extensively throughout India. The largest producer of Dasheri mangoes is Malihabad, Uttar Pradesh.
4. Banarasi Langra
Also goes by the name Banarasi Langra, it is also grown extensively in Northern India. It is harvested during the month of July and ts longish shape along with a small seed makes it ideal for slicing and canning it.
Also known as the Alphonso of Karnataka the color texture and taste are pretty similar to it. Grown extensively in Karnataka since it is particularly adapted to that climate and is harvested around April-May.
The seeds were originally bought by immigrants from Jamaica who grew it in western India. The fruit gained popularity because of its widely accepted taste and was imported to Florida as well where they are sold as nursery stocks. These Lal Bagh mangoes are now a parent of several mangoes such as Jacquelin and Zil in the United States. A typical fruit generally weighs a pound are mostly yellowish-green in color and is completely fibreless.
Chaunsa Mango is grown in the northern states of Punjab and Haryana is a variety of mango first made popular by Sher Shah Suri while celebrating his victory over Humayun at Chausa, he named his favorite mango Chaunsa. It has an extremely pleasant aromatic flavor and is almost fibreless making it a favorite in the northern India.
A mango which is grown in Southern India it is also popularly known as Bangalora. These mangoes are one of the main cultivars grown for its pulp along with Alphonso. The fruits are greenish-yellow in color and is very popular in the US state of Florida